With such a perfect location, perched on the edge of the African continent, and facing the Indian Ocean, Tanzania’s weather and climate leaves nothing to be desired. Warm and sunny days are followed by cool and balmy nights, and whether you’re on safari or enjoying the tropical beaches, the temperatures are always welcoming and gentle.

Sun-filled and beautiful days are not all that Tanzania has to offer. On the contrary, the country’s borders hold a vast number of people and tribes whose varied cultures and traditions make up the rich tapestry that is Tanzanian culture.

Although Tanzania is a country rich in culture and traditions, its history is also one of treasured heritage and pride. From the early days of mankind's history, man has called the land of Tanzania home - its verdant mountains, its scrubland plains.

Tanzanians enjoy a climate of freedom and peace in our daily lives, and value community and togetherness very highly. Religion is an expression of community and culture, and one that binds us all as citizens to our country and to the people around us. Tanzanians practice Christianity, Islam, and traditional African religions in tolerance and understanding.

Useful Information
FAST FACTS

Full Name:                
Capital City:   
Time:                        
Independence:
Currency:
United Republic of Tanzania
Dodoma
GMT +3 hours
9 December 1961
Tanzania shilling

LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
The official language is Kiswahili, which is generally spoken, and various local languages abound. Although English is the second official language, it is widely spoken and understood in the cities. Tanzania's culture is a result of African, Arab, European and Indian influences. The African people of Tanzania represent about 130 tribal groups. The Tanzanians are friendly people, to foreigners and amongst themselves. Politeness, respect and modesty are highly valued.

MONEY
The unit of currency is the Tanzanian shilling (TShs) and there are no smaller denominations. Major currencies (US Dollar, English Pound, and Euro) are easily changed at Forex bureaus. Major Banks have ATM machines throughout the country.
SEASONS AND CLIMATE

Tanzania is the ideal destination for an abundance of wildlife and beautiful scenery. Some of the highlights include Africa’s virtually unexplored largest game reserve - Selous, the famous Serengeti and the snow-capped Mt. Kilimanjaro. This country has a diverse range of national parks and reserves offering habitats ranging from forests to deserts, all connected with regular air and road transfer services.

Seasons:

SUMMER - October to March

WINTER - April to September

The Tanzanian climate is tropical on the coast, on the islands, and in Selous. It is temperate inland and in the other parks. Tanzania has two distinct annual rainfall patterns, which prevail in different areas of the country:

In the south central regions of Tanzania the rainfall season is between December and April.

In the northern and eastern regions, there are two rainy seasons. The short rains are from October to December, and the long rains from March to May.

The warm Tanzanian summer lasts from October till March and winter, from April to September, is dry and cold across the country.

WHAT TO PACK

Generally, casual comfortable clothing is suitable throughout the year. The most practical items to pack include:

  • Khaki, brown, white and beige colours.
  • Light cotton tops and cotton trousers/shorts in summer.
  • Safari trousers for evenings and cooler days.
  • Hat, sunglasses and sunscreen
  • Long sleeved blouses/shirts for game drives for protection from the sun and mosquitoes.
  • Swimwear for the beach.
  • Comfortable walking shoes.

TRAVEL INSURANCE
Precautions are a necessary part of staying healthy, and while you will of course make every effort to stay healthy and safe during your trip, it’s always wise to plan for emergencies. International travel insurance and emergency medical evacuation plans are available for purchase before you even leave home, so be sure to provide for yourself in the event of unforeseen circumstances. It is important to have a medical policy that will insure you while traveling, and cover any theft, loss, or medical emergencies you may experience while away from home. Check your policy’s evacuation criteria and notify your travel agent of any necessary details.
SECURITY
Tanzania is a safe country to travel in. Tanzanians are warm-hearted and generous people and are eager to help visitors get the most out of their stay. Tanzania is a true example of tolerance and cooperation in our modern world, with an evidenced multicultural diversity that has co-existed for centuries and has a lot to offer the world by its example. As in all countries, a little common sense goes a long way and reasonable precautions should still be taken, such as locking valuables in the hotel safe, which frees your mind to absorb the natural beauty and incredible sights that will stay with you forever.
HEALTH
Tanzania is located in a tropical climate with different bacteria, flora, and fauna than most visitors are accustomed to, so it is advisable to take a few health precautions when traveling to make sure that your trip goes as comfortably and smoothly as possible. Please contact your doctor for further information.

GETTING AROUND

Traveling in Tanzania is a rewarding and remarkable experience. Driving through villages and grasslands on your way to game parks and nature reserves will be one of the most memorable parts of your trip -- the smiling faces of young Masaai herding cattle, the piles of mangos and fresh greens set out in piles in a village market. Driving through the country, although takes longer, is an ideal way to witness the daily lives of Tanzanians and take in more of the scenery around you. Flying is another way of seeing the country, the micro-ism of its villages and fields suddenly appear larger than life against the striking sky. From the window of a plane, Mount Kilimanjaro and the crater of Mt. Meru become clear and visible, the undulations of the Eastern Arc mountains ancient and vast, and the glistening sea with its aquamarine reefs and scattered green islands promises refreshment, even from afar.

Ferries offer a glimpse of local culture at a slower, more relaxed pace, and Tanzania’s rapidly developing rail network allows you to see the country from the romance of a boxcar, its iron rails twisting across the African plains. There are many ways to get around in Tanzania, and the option you choose will depend upon your time constraints and your budget. Traveling by road is the most accessible and probably the cheapest way to travel and public transport connects all major locations, and ventures far off the beaten track. Tanzania’s infrastructure is quite developed, especially around major tourist attractions in the north and along the Swahili Coast. Public transport vehicles crisscross the country and connect larger towns to out-of-the-way locations.


WHAT TO DO

Tanzania has whatever you are dreaming about - be it tropical islands, climbing the highest mountain in Africa, diving for marine treasures or watching the annual migration of plains game.

Tanzania boasts some of the most romantic and tropical beaches in Africa - Zanzibar and Pemba. Zanzibar Stone Town was once home to Sultans and explorers and is the land of exotic spices, azure waters and white sandy beaches.

Almost 25% of Tanzania is designated as national parks and game reserves -- from the Serengeti in the north, which sweeps uninterrupted from neighboring Kenya's Maasai Mara National Reserve, to Selous in the south, with its long distances and large variety of animals. No area is more protected, by geography as well as by permit, than the Ngorongoro Crater, whose steep walls create a separate ecosystem with its own representative collection of animals. Combined, the crater, Serengeti and the Maasai Mara represent one of the world's most important ecosystems, and it is estimated that some 3 million large animals inhabit this region. Many of them move around the plains of East Africa on the annual wildebeest migration, the largest movement of animals on Earth. Because these spaces are protected -- and because they are so wild -- the best way to see them is by guided tour, locally known as safari, which in Kiswahili means journey.

Tanzania has a lot to offer and the activities are endless: mountain climbing, safari adventures, beach lounging, scuba diving, fishing, walking, and exploring. Take your pick!



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